Camps in the Reich - Dautmergen, Frommern

Herman Rubinoff, Dautmergen

At the end of the 6 weeks, Kl. and his brother reported for work in Germany in October 1944. Together with a transport of about 1000 Jews, they were sent to the Dautmergen concentration camp near Balingen in Wuerttemberg. They were housed in tents in a swampy area. The food was extremely poor; there was no water and no opportunity to wash. Under these circumstances and constant mistreatment, only about 200 prisoners remained alive. The brothers had to do heavy loading work at the railway station. One day, his brother, with whom he was talking, was beaten to death by an SS man in front of his eyes.

Source: Expert report by D. Pineas, 1969

Efraim Katz, Dautmergen

When I was imprisoned in the Schoenberg forced labour camp, I suffered severe abuse, which resulted in a dislocation of my left shoulder joint.
I was very hungry and wanted to get another portion of food. A sadistic SS man punished me by hanging me up by my hands. I fainted from the pain and after I was taken down, I was still in terrible pain.
terrible pain. A doctor among the prisoners, who helped me put my hands back in place, told me that I had suffered a dislocation.
Of course, I can't remember how long I hung there because I passed out from the pain.

Source: affidavits

When I was imprisoned in the Schoenberg-Dautmergen forced labour camp, I witnessed the claimant Katz Efraim being subjected to ill-treatment. He wanted to take another portion of food and was hung up by the hands of an SS man. I saw him hanging and was driven on.

Source: Testimony of Arie Bendof, 1963

David Shumel, Herman Rubinoff - Frommern

David Shumel is sent to Dachau, Herman Rubinoff is liberated in Frommern.

Date! event
Spring 1943 Construction of the oil shale plant in Frommern by LIAS-?lschieferforschungsgesellschaft . Note: LIAS = Black Jura
March 1944 Establishment of the satellite camp of the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp, use of concentration camp prisoners
Type of work Construction of the oil slate works; refurbishment work after air raid in Ebingen
Deployment of the prisoners at SS-WVHA, Amtsgruppe W; Deutsche ?lschieferforschungsgesellschaft m.b.H. Remarks: The prisoners were housed in five wooden barracks southeast of Frommern. They were initially deployed in the construction of an oil slate factory on the Hesselberg. Between January and March 1945, 8 deaths were recorded. After that, three prisoners died of decapitation and five from bombing raids
31 October 1944 179 prisoners
12/13 April 1945 64 prisoners were sent on a "death march" towards Dachau.
After the end of the war, completion by the French occupying forces
March 1947 Start of production
Start 1948 Administration is transferred to the state of W?rttemberg-Hohenzollern
November 1949 Plant is shut down due to unprofitability
© Kreisarchiv Zollernalbkreis und Stadtarchiv Balingen

Neuengamme/Aurich/Uelzen/Cap Arkona

Shlomo und Jakob Charmac


  • Jakob Charmac: October 1944, November 1944 to 24 December 1944 Aurich-Engerhafe, December 1944 to March 1945 Neuengamme,  March 1945 to 20 April 1945 Uelzen, 20 April 1945 "Kap Arkona"; 1 May 19 45 ship "Athenia", 3. May 1945 liberation
  • Shlomo Charmac: October 1944, November 1944 to 24 December 1944 Aurich-Engerhafe, December 1944 to March 1945 Neuengamme,  March 1945 to 20 April 1945 Uelzen, 20 April 1945 "Kap Arkona",  1 May 1945 Ship "Athenia", 3 May 1945 Liberation

Links: Gedenkstätte Engerhafe, Gedenkstätte Neuengamme/Außenlager Engerhafe