Eugen Brach

Stations of the persecution - Eugen Brach
Stations of the persecution - Eugen Brach
  • born on 28.6.1917 in Baiamare/Romania
  • from 1942 forced labor in Hungarian labor companies
  • Spring 1944 Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Warsaw concentration camp (clearing work)
  • 6 August1944 Dachau concentration camp
  • Dachau concentration camp/Mühldorf subcamp
  • September 1945 Romania
  • 1948 Southamerica
  • 1963 USA

Vor dem Krieg

Beginn der Verfolgung

KZ Auschwitz und KZ Warschau

Warsaw concentration camp
Location Warszawa / Warsaw
Territory General Government (1939-1945)
Opening 15.08.1943
Closing At an unknown date before 01.05.1944, the concentration camp continued to operate as a subcamp of the Lublin concentration camp
Deportations From 24.07.1944 to Dachau concentration camp, where the arrival was registered on 06.08.1944
Gender Men
Type of work Removal and collection of materials resulting from the demolition of the ghetto
Comments On July 19, 1943, 300 prisoners were already transferred from Buchenwald concentration camp for the construction of the concentration camp. / The establishment of a concentration camp in Warsaw was based on Himmler's wish to remove all traces of what was once the largest Jewish community in Europe from the cityscape: the entire ghetto was to be torn down and all earth bunkers, cellars and underground canals were to be filled in. The site was then to be covered with earth and turned into a park. To this end, the SS-WVHA had a labor camp set up on the former ghetto site from July 1943. The prisoners were transferred from Buchenwald and Auschwitz to Warsaw. The concentration camp continued to operate as a subcamp of the Lublin-Majdanek concentration camp from spring 1944. Around 2,500 concentration camp prisoners and 1,000 Polish workers were deployed for over a year to demolish the buildings and raze the site to the ground. From July 24, 1944, the prisoners were mainly "evacuated" to Dachau concentration camp.</td
Ruinen des Ghettos Warschau
Ruinen des Ghettos Warschau; Quelle: [1 ]
Plan des KZ Warschau
Plan des KZ Warschau; Quelle: [2 ]

Dachau und Mühldorf

Subcamps of the Dachau concentration camp
Location Mühldorf (Mettenheim-Hart)
Name M I
Area Bavaria
Opening 28.07.1944
Closing The prisoners left behind were liberated on 02.05.1945. Several thousand prisoners were "evacuated" by train to Poing at the end of April. There they were falsely told that the war was over, whereupon the prisoners left the train. Shortly afterwards, they were shot at by SS and Wehrmacht units and driven back onto the train. A simultaneous air raid cost the lives of countless prisoners. On April 29, 1945, the train was again attacked from the air near Beuerberg. The train was then split up. One transport headed for Tutzing, where the prisoners were liberated on the same day. The other part traveled to Seeshaupt and was liberated on 30.04.1945.
Deportations On 15.09.1944: 277 prisoners to Auschwitz concentration camp, on 25.10.1944: 554 to Auschwitz concentration camp
Prisons In the summer of 1944: first transport of around 1,000 Jews from Auschwitz; later around 2,000
Gender Men
Employment of the prisoners at Fa. Pollensky & Zöllner, OT-Oberbauleitung Mühldorf
Type of work Construction work
Comments The Kaufering satellite camp around Landsberg and the satellite camps around Mühldorf were built in connection with the plans of the so-called Jägerstab. This was an attempt to break the air supremacy of the Allied forces by increasing the production of fighter planes. To this end, huge concrete bunkers, "Jägerbauten", were to be hastily erected from mid-1944, into which the production facilities that had been severely damaged by bombing raids were to be relocated. Under the direction of OT, four companies were commissioned to build the bunkers: Leonhard Moll was responsible for the "Weingut II" bunker for the "Ringeltaube" project near Landsberg, Karl Stöhr for "Walnuß II" and Philipp Holzmann for "Diana II". All construction sites were located in the northwest of Landsberg. The Polensky & Zöllner company was to build the "Walnuß I" bunker near Mühldorf to the south of Mettenheim. As the demand for labor could not be met by "regular" workers, numerous forced laborers, prisoners of war and, above all, concentration camp inmates were transferred to Landsberg and Mühldorf. As only a few existing buildings could be used, the prisoners were confronted with improvised, completely inadequate accommodation and plagues of vermin and epidemics broke out within a very short time. Around 7,500 men and 800 women were deported to Mühldorf Camp M I, Waldlager V, VI, Mittergars and Thalham. On average, there were around 3,000-5,000 prisoners in the camps. The prisoners were almost exclusively Jews and came to Bavaria mainly via the Auschwitz and Stutthof concentration camps or directly from Hungary. From January 1945, prisoners were mainly deported to the Mühldorf and Kaufering camps from camps in the Reich territory. "M I" was the main camp and location of the SS commandant's office. The number of people who died in the Mühldorf camps cannot be determined. 3,556 prisoners are known to have survived. A death book lists 1,341 deaths for the M I camp. If one adds those deported to Auschwitz and the deaths in the smaller camps and the forest camp V, VI, as well as the prisoners who died during the "evacuation", it can be assumed that almost half of all prisoners died in the Mühldorf camps. [The information on employers and type of work is partly taken from the Ludwigsburg investigations and the ITS. Raim 1992 points out inconsistencies and incompleteness in this regard.]
Bunkerbaustelle Mühldorf
Bunkerbaustelle Mühldorf; Quelle: [3 ]
Bunkerbaustelle Mühldorf
Bunkerbaustelle Mühldorf; Quelle: [4]

Nach der Befreiung


Additional Sources


Compensation Office




Photo Credits

  1. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  3. Stadtarchiv Mühldorf
  4. Stadtarchiv Mühldorf